A vivid reminder of the terrible dangers of flying on bombing operations, where wounding from machine gun fire, flak fragments or burns from fires on board were an ever-present hazard. Crashes in Britain were also a major hazard.

Aircrew were taught emergency First Aid treatment. Advice was given on the basic management of casualties, such as keeping them warm, calm, still, and injecting them with morphine, as contained in this pack, to ease pain.